A hedging strategy
The Patton Flex Strategy is a proprietary investment strategy developed by Mark Patton. The following is a summary of the strategy characteristics:
- 100% U.S. highly liquid stocks
- Hedging strategy – profit from some positions when they go up in value and profit from other positions when they go down in value.
- Behavioral Finance investment principles – all stocks are selected based upon principles to take advantage of others’ poor human behavior.
- Rules-based model – the investment principles are implemented entirely by a set of static mathematical rules, with no human emotion on our part, to take advantage of the behavioral-based principles.
- Uncorrelated Performance – performance that tends to NOT go up and down at the same time and the same way as most other investments resulting in more portfolio diversification benefits.
- Validated by research – the strategy was tested against data back to 1963 implementing the strategy on a daily basis exactly as it is implemented going forward.
Why invest in the Flex?
- Market-beating returns - compounded returns have exceeded stock market returns since inception and in the research back to 1963.
- Bear-market risk mitigation - the Flex has produced POSITIVE returns during multiple periods when the stock market has DECLINED demonstrating its potential to possibly mitigate bear-market losses.
- Portfolio diversifier - statistically the Flex has demonstrated low correlation to nearly all other investments (stocks, bonds, etc.) resulting in portfolio diversification benefits of higher expected returns and lower potential risk.
Profiting from human behavior
Behavioral finance is the study of human psychology and its impact on the investment decision making process. The Flex Strategy is designed to systematically, through a set of static rules, take advantage of the poor decision making of other investors.
Human behavior impacts stock prices (more shorter-term than longer-term) – this belief is supported by the following:
- Markets are NOT always efficient
- Investors are NOT always rational
- Stock prices are NOT always perfectly priced
- Human behavior is repetitive – the names and faces change over time and the behaviors are never exactly the same from day-to-day but general human behavior tends to be repetitive.
- A strict, static (unchanging), rules-based (mathematical) strategy is the only way to systematically profit from pricing inefficiencies resulting from human behavior.
- Pricing inefficiencies resulting from human behavior persist because there is no perfect arbitrage. In other words, there is no perfect way to take advantage of the pricing inefficiencies.
- Profiting from behavioral-based strategy requires accepting risk because of the imperfect nature of human behavior. Human behavior is not always consistent, which can result in short-term losses, but tends to be repetitive over time which will drive long-term profits.
A portfolio diversifier
A well-diversified portfolio is one that has multiple investments that all are expected to go higher over time but do NOT all go higher at the SAME time. Generally, all investments provide diversification value in a portfolio but some much more than others. The accompanying graph shows the diversification impact of various investments on a portfolio. This is NOT about the return of various investments but instead about difference in the performance BEHAVIOR of each investment. The LESS similar an investment's behavior is to other investments, the MORE impact it has on the diversification of the portfolio.
Assuming you start with a portfolio of large U.S. stocks, the below graph shows the diversification impact of adding various asset classes to the portfolio. As the graph show, the Flex Strategy provides some of the greatest diversification value.
Portfolio Diversification Impact
Diversification often requires a sacrifice of long-term returns. For example, investing in bonds provides much added diversification to a portfolio but often results sacrificing long-term returns. The Flex Strategy has proven to deliver BOTH much added diversification AND strong long-term returns resulting in better long-term portfolio returns.
Strong returns supported by research
In addition to providing much added diversification value in a portfolio, the Flex Strategy has also produced strong returns.
The strong returns since inception are supported by decades of research. This research tested the implementation of the strict mathematical rules of the Flex Strategy applied the same way every day since July 1963. The results from this research show that these disciplines would have produced strong returns and added portfolio diversification over multiple decades.
Exclusive Content: view detailed performance of Flex Strategy
Bear-market risk mitigation
The purpose of a hedging strategy such as our Flex Strategy is to help mitigate some downside risk in a portfolio. The Flex is designed to do so and has demonstrated success both since its inception and in the research.
Statistically there are multiple ways to measure a strategy’s ability to mitigate some downside risk. One simple way is to look at the months when the stocks market was lower and compare how the Flex Strategy performed during these down market months. The accompanying graph and table show the results.